Flood Safe Brochure

Know What To Expect

  • Know your area's flood risk--if unsure, call your local emergency management office, planning and zoning department or local Red Cross chapter.
  • If it has been raining hard for several hours, or steadily raining for several days, be alert to the possibility of a flood.
  • Listen to local radio or TV stations for flood information.

Flood Facts

  • As little as one foot of moving water can carry most cars off the road.
  • Just six inches of fast-moving flood water can sweep a person off his or her feet.
  • Most flood-related deaths occur at night and are vehicular.
  • Urban and small stream flash floods often occur in less than one hour
  • Tropical cyclones pose significant risk well inland due to fresh water flooding.
  • A flood WATCH means a flood is possible in your area.
  • A flood WARNING means flooding is already occurring or will occur very soon in your area.

When a Flood WATCH is Issued

  • Move your furniture and valuables to higher floors of your home.
  • Fill your car's gas tank, in case an evacuation notice is issued.

Preparation For A Flood

  • Check to see if you have insurance that covers flooding. If not, find out how to get flood insurance.
  • Keep insurance policies, documents, and other valuables in a safe-deposit box.

Assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit Containing The Following

  • First aid kit and essential medications.
  • Canned food and can opener.
  • At least three gallons of water per person
  • Protective clothing, rainwear, and bedding or sleeping bags.
  • Battery-powered radio, flashlight, and extra batteries.
  • Special items for infants, elderly, or disabled family members.
  • Written instructions for how to turn off electricity, gas and water if authorities advise you to do so. (Remember, you'll need a professional to turn them back on.)
  • Identify where you could go if told to evacuate. Choose several places . . . a friend's home in another town, a motel, or a shelter.

When a Flood WARNING is Issued

  • Listen to local radio and TV stations for information and advice. If told to evacuate, do so as soon as possible.

Flood Safety Actions

  • Monitor NOAA Weather Radio when severe weather threatens
  • Children should not play in flooded areas where hidden sharp objects, electrocution and pollution are serious hazards.
  • In highly flood-prone areas, keep materials on hand like sandbags, plywood, plastic sheeting, plastic garbage bags, lumber and shovels
  • Be aware of streams, drainage channels, canals and areas known to flood, so you or your evacuation routes are not cut off.
  • Drive carefully when water covers the road. If the road surface is obscured, water may be deeper than it appears.
  • Test drinking water for potability-wells should be pumped out and the water tested before drinking. Do not use food that has come in contact with floodwaters.
  • Stay away from downed power lines and never drive into moving water.
  • Determine the elevation of your property. Consider what mitigation measures you can do in advance. Evaluate your insurance coverage.